Course Details

AIT 204 Ataturk's Principles & History of His Reforms II
2019-2020 Summer term information

The course is not open this term

Timing data are obtained using weekly schedule program tables. To make sure whether the course is cancelled or time-shifted for a specific week one should consult the supervisor and/or follow the announcements.

Course definition tables are extracted from the ECTS Course Catalog web site of Hacettepe University ( in real-time and displayed here. Please check the appropriate page on the original site against any technical problems. Course data last updated on 25/03/2020.


Course Name Code Semester Theory
Credit ECTS
ATATÜRKS PRIN.& A HIS.of HIS REF.II AİT204 4th Semester 2 0 2 2
Course languageTurkish
Course typeMust 
Mode of DeliveryFace-to-Face 
Learning and teaching strategiesLecture
Instructor (s)The Institute staff: Professors and instructors 
Course objectiveThe establishment of the Republic of Turkey as a secular and unitary state after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire; the history of Turkish modernization experience in accordance with the establishment of the new state, the instruction of the Turkish Revolution pioneered by Kemal Atatürk and the Kemalist thought, as the meaning and statement of modernity and secularism in Turkey to young generations and let them figure out its significance. It aims to let the student who attends the AİT 203 courses to acquire the ability of classification, description, explanation, analysis of the current social and individual problems in Turkey by taking rationality and science, norms of modernity into account with respect to the Kemalist thought and the Turkish Revolution. 
Learning outcomes
  1. Learns how to analyse a historical question according to its fact-incident, time, actors; the assessment of relevant resources such as books, articles as well as movies and literature and to nurture his/her point of view.
  2. Learns how to read and assess an article on a historical problem
  3. does research on a historical question by interrelating with the current issues and developments hypothetically
  4. Learns how to prepare a presentation on a historical question.
  5. Learns critical assessment from different point of views; how to give answers to questions by assertion of historical facts and arguments ; expression of his/her opinion rationally and correctly; and abstraction
Course ContentParallel to the establishment of the Republic of Turkey, the assessment of the Turkish society as within the level of civilized nation-states, the experience of Turkish revolution with its sui-generis character in definition of the nation-state in a chronological line beginning from the Ottoman Turkish Imperial state: The Classical and post classical ages, late 18th and 19th centuries, the Second Constitutional Era, The First World War, The Turkish National Struggle of 1918-1922 and the interval of 1923-60; the assessment of the modern Turkish nation-state by the restructuring of the state & the nation and the stages of the change and transformation in Turkish political and social system
The analysis of the political, social, economic and cultural transformation with respect to the internal and external political developments and their actors
ReferencesKILINÇKAYA Derviş (ed) Atatürk ve Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Tarihi. Siyasal Kitabevi, Ankara, 2004.
ACUN Fatma (ed.), Atatürk ve Türk İnkılâp Tarihi, Siyasal Kitabevi, Ankara, 11. Baskı, 2010.
AHMAD Feroz, Modern Türkiye?nin Oluşumu, İstanbul, 1995.
Atatürk?ün Söylev ve Demeçleri, 3 cilt, Ankara, 1981.
Atatürk?ün Tamim Telgraf ve Beyannameleri, 4 cilt, Ankara, 1964.
BAYUR Yusuf Hikmet, Türk İnkılâp Tarihi, 10 cilt, Ankara, 1991.
BERKES Niyazi, Türkiye?de Çağdaşlaşma, Ankara, 1978.
KARPAT Kemal, H., Türk Demokrasi Tarihi, İstanbul, 1967.
LEWIS Bernard, Modern Türkiye?nin Doğuşu, Ankara, II. Baskı, 1984.
MUMCU Ahmet, Tarih Açısından Türk Devriminin temelleri ve Gelişimi, Ankara, 1974.
SAFA, Peyami, Türk İnkılabına Bakışlar, İstanbul, 1988.
ZÜRCHER, E. J., Modernleşen Türkiye?nin Tarihi, İstanbul, 1999. 

Course outline weekly

Week 1Factors as the basis and motives of political modernization: the abolition of the dynasty, The establishment of the Republic, the abolition of the Caliphate. Debates concerning the Dynasty-Caliphate and Republic on the eve of the new state
Week 2The Turkish political climate between 1920-1938: The political parties in the Turkish Grand National Assembly: Republican People?s Party, Progressive Republican Party, Free Republican Party The relationship between the government and opposition, the
Week 3The legal dimension of political modernization, the institutions of secular legal system, codifications that regulate the political, social, commercial and economic life.
Week 4The Question of Education in Turkish nation-state building: Secular educational system, establishment of modern educational institutions, the properties of the interrelationship between education and nation-building in Turkish Revolution The value of
Week 5The relationship between nation-state and national culture, new institutions founded for the promotion and detection of the national culture, domestic political and sociological ideas that affect the structure of those referred institutions & the ref
Week 6The nation-state and the reorganization of economy: The economy strategies and its applications in new Turkey
Week 7Mid-Term
Week 8The Atatürk Era and Turkish Foreign Policy in the Interwar Period I (1923-1930): Turkey?s bilateral relations with the European states following the Lausanne Treaty
Week 9Turkish Foreign Policy in the Interwar Period II (1930-1938)Turkey?s relations with the European states with respect to the assessment of totalitarian regimes in the continental Europe. Relationship between the Soviet Union, Western Europe and the US
Week 10An assessment on Atatürk?s principles
Week 11Turkey at the post-Atatürk era: The Presidency of İsmet İnönü The World War II and Turkey: The Turkish foreign policy, the effect of war on Turkish political and social life
Week 12Mid-term
Week 13The characteristics of change in Turkish political life following the World War II: The establishment of multi-party system. The 1946 Elections in Turkey, The relationship between the government and opposition, The foundation of the Democratic Party
Week 14The Democratic Party in power (1950-1960): Its domestic & foreign policy The end of the Cold War: Collapse of the Soviet Union, unification of Germany, the breakup of Yugoslavia and its repercussions on Turkish domestic and foreign policies.
Week 15final exam

Assesment methods

Course activitiesNumberPercentage
Field activities00
Specific practical training00
Final exam150
Percentage of semester activities contributing grade succes250
Percentage of final exam contributing grade succes150

Workload and ECTS calculation

Activities Number Duration (hour) Total Work Load
Course Duration (x14) 14 2 28
Laboratory 0 0 0
Specific practical training000
Field activities000
Study Hours Out of Class (Preliminary work, reinforcement, ect)14228
Presentation / Seminar Preparation000
Homework assignment000
Midterms (Study duration)212
Final Exam (Study duration) 122
Total Workload31760

Matrix Of The Course Learning Outcomes Versus Program Outcomes

D.9. Key Learning OutcomesContrubition level*
1. PO1. Possesses the theoretical and practical knowledge required in Electrical and Electronics Engineering discipline. X    
2. PO2. Utilizes his/her theoretical and practical knowledge in the fields of mathematics, science and electrical and electronics engineering towards finding engineering solutions.X    
3. PO3. Determines and defines a problem in electrical and electronics engineering, then models and solves it by applying the appropriate analytical or numerical methods. X    
4. PO4. Designs a system under realistic constraints using modern methods and tools.X    
5. PO5. Designs and performs an experiment, analyzes and interprets the results.X    
6. PO6. Possesses the necessary qualifications to carry out interdisciplinary work either individually or as a team member. X    
7. PO7. Accesses information, performs literature search, uses databases and other knowledge sources, follows developments in science and technology.   X 
8. PO8. Performs project planning and time management, plans his/her career development.X    
9. PO9. Possesses an advanced level of expertise in computer hardware and software, is proficient in using information and communication technologies.X    
10. PO10. Is competent in oral or written communication; has advanced command of English.  X  
11. PO11. Has an awareness of his/her professional, ethical and social responsibilities.  X  
12. PO12. Has an awareness of the universal impacts and social consequences of engineering solutions and applications; is well-informed about modern-day problems.X    
13. PO13. Is innovative and inquisitive; has a high level of professional self-esteem.   X 

*1 Lowest, 2 Low, 3 Average, 4 High, 5 Highest

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