Course Details

ELE 452 Fundamentals of Medical Imaging
2021-2022 Fall term information

The course is open this term
Section: 21
Supervisor(s):Dr. Ušur Baysal
OnlineSaturday12:00 - 14:45

Timing data are obtained using weekly schedule program tables. To make sure whether the course is cancelled or time-shifted for a specific week one should consult the supervisor and/or follow the announcements.

Course definition tables are extracted from the ECTS Course Catalog web site of Hacettepe University ( in real-time and displayed here. Please check the appropriate page on the original site against any technical problems. Course data last updated on 04/12/2021.


Course Name Code Semester Theory
Credit ECTS
Prerequisite(s)ELE220 Circuit Theory II
Course languageEnglish
Course typeElective 
Mode of DeliveryFace-to-Face 
Learning and teaching strategiesLecture
Question and Answer
Problem Solving
Other: Internet assisted education  
Instructor (s)Faculty members 
Course objectiveIt is aimed to give the following topics to the students : ? Image and Imaging concepts and definitions ? Image Quality in Medical Imaging Systems and Contrast ? Anatomical Imaging Systems, ? Functional Imaging Systems ? Image Storage and Archiving.  
Learning outcomes
  1. . Derive and calculate image quality determination and plot modulation transfer function of a given medical imaging system
  2. describe ionizing radiation (X-ray and gamma ray) systems, and associated calculations
  3. describe non-ionizing radiation (ultrasound and MRI) systems? general operating principles
  4. calculate appropriate signal levels in given medical imaging systems when associated contrast and image parameters are given
  5. apply theoretical information gained in the course in real world medical and photographic imaging systems
Course ContentImage parameters and medical imaging systems in general
Numerical performance criteria,
Spatial resonlution, noise and contrast,
Modern medical imaging systems.
X-ray physics and radiological systems,
Ultrasound physics and medical ultrasonic imaging systems,
Nuclear medicine and scintigraphy
Magneitc resonance imaging,
Hardware in medical imagingsystems, data acquisition and archiving
ReferencesU. Baysal, ELE 452 Fundamentals of Medical Imaging,
Webster, Medical Instrumentation, chapter 11

Course outline weekly

Week 1Image and basic parameters in imaging systems, spatial resolution, noise and contrast
Week 2Basic sub systems in modern medical imaging systems
Week 3Performance parameters. Modulation transfer function
Week 4X-ray physics, photography and film technologies
Week 5X-ray imaging systems, digital imaging, dedectors
Week 6Ultrasound physics, conduction in the tissues, ultrasound imaging
Week 7Nuclear particles, positron and others, nuclear medicine and scintigraphy
Week 8Various examples and applications
Week 9Mid-term examination
Week 10Tomographic imagign, X-raycomputed toography
Week 11Nuclear spin, magnetic resonance imaging
Week 12SPECT and other medical imaging modalities
Week 13Hardware inmedical imaging systems, data acquisition and image reconstruction
Week 14Make-up (make-up exam or other extra lecturehours)
Week 15Preparation for Final exam
Week 16Final exam

Assesment methods

Course activitiesNumberPercentage
Field activities00
Specific practical training00
Final exam160
Percentage of semester activities contributing grade succes240
Percentage of final exam contributing grade succes160

Workload and ECTS calculation

Activities Number Duration (hour) Total Work Load
Course Duration (x14) 14 3 42
Laboratory 0 0 0
Specific practical training000
Field activities000
Study Hours Out of Class (Preliminary work, reinforcement, ect)14570
Presentation / Seminar Preparation12323
Homework assignment000
Midterms (Study duration)12020
Final Exam (Study duration) 12525
Total Workload3176180

Matrix Of The Course Learning Outcomes Versus Program Outcomes

D.9. Key Learning OutcomesContrubition level*
1. PO1. Possesses the theoretical and practical knowledge required in Electrical and Electronics Engineering discipline.   X  
2. PO2. Utilizes his/her theoretical and practical knowledge in the fields of mathematics, science and electrical and electronics engineering towards finding engineering solutions.   X 
3. PO3. Determines and defines a problem in electrical and electronics engineering, then models and solves it by applying the appropriate analytical or numerical methods.     X
4. PO4. Designs a system under realistic constraints using modern methods and tools.   X 
5. PO5. Designs and performs an experiment, analyzes and interprets the results.    X
6. PO6. Possesses the necessary qualifications to carry out interdisciplinary work either individually or as a team member.     X
7. PO7. Accesses information, performs literature search, uses databases and other knowledge sources, follows developments in science and technology.    X
8. PO8. Performs project planning and time management, plans his/her career development.   X 
9. PO9. Possesses an advanced level of expertise in computer hardware and software, is proficient in using information and communication technologies.    X
10. PO10. Is competent in oral or written communication; has advanced command of English.    X
11. PO11. Has an awareness of his/her professional, ethical and social responsibilities.   X 
12. PO12. Has an awareness of the universal impacts and social consequences of engineering solutions and applications; is well-informed about modern-day problems.  X  
13. PO13. Is innovative and inquisitive; has a high level of professional self-esteem.    X

*1 Lowest, 2 Low, 3 Average, 4 High, 5 Highest

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